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Understanding Mortgages

3 mortgage mistakes you want to avoid

3 mortgage mistakes you want to avoid

Applying for a mortgage could be a lot easier than you think. If you're fully employed and have a history of paying off your bills on time, chances are good you'll be approved.

Having said that, there are definitely some mortgage mistakes you'll want to avoid, especially if this is your first time in the market. Here are a few of them:

1. Failing to check your credit report

The credit score found in your credit report serves as a quick means for your lender to establish how responsible you are with finances. While traditionally quite accurate, they're not error-free. In other words, there could be inaccuracies on your report that adversely affect your score. That's why you should make sure to check your report from all three bureaus before applying to ensure everything is as it should be. You can file a complaint if something appears off.

2. Applying for new credit

While there's nothing necessarily wrong with opening a new credit card, doing so shortly before you apply for a mortgage isn't a good idea, financial experts warn. As noted by FICO, taking out additional credit triggers what's known as a hard inquiry. As opposed to a soft inquiry, where you take a look at your credit report, a hard inquiry authorizes the lender to examine your credit because you're looking to obtain additional capital. This process in and of itself causes your score to dip. The impact is usually small, but the difference may be enough to raise your interest rate or trigger a loan denial.

3. Having little money saved

While a steady income stream is important, it's not always sufficient when it comes to purchasing a home. Buying a house often (but not always) requires a down payment, and if you don't have enough to make one, getting a new house might become a bit tougher.

Knowledge is your biggest advocate when you're looking to buy. So long as you're prepared and do your research, the mortgage approval process can be like a walk in the park.

Things to Consider

Existing or new? How to determine which house to buy

Existing and new? How to determine which house to buy

When you think of buying a "new" house, you probably consider it related to finding one that's anything besides the one where you currently reside. But in the literal sense of the phrase, a "new home" is just that: a place that has only recently been constructed and is now up for sale.

Generally speaking, there are two types of residential real estate: new and existing. As the latter's name implies, existing homes are those already lived in whose owners are selling. New units are hot off the construction presses, ready to be snapped up.

The question is: Which property type is the best for you?

Before you answer that, you may be curious about availability. Based on the latest published data, approximately 1.85 million homes are up for purchase across the U.S., according to the National Association of Realtors. Up almost 3 percent from last May, this number - which includes existing and new homes - represents an inventory rate of 4.1 months at the current sales pace. That's how long it would take for supply to be completely exhausted were no other houses to enter listings.

While four months’ worth of inventory is fairly low historically, this amount should be encouraging, because both existing and new properties are slowly but surely replenishing, according to NAR and the National Association of Home Builders.

So, new or used: How do you determine the type of place that's right for you? The best way to figure this out is evaluating the pros and cons. Take a look at some of the points below to get a better idea of the advantages and disadvantages that come with each.

New-home pros:

  • Design elements are more contemporary, making the installation of smart technologies and appliances seamless.
  • Properties are built to the latest code specifications, reducing the need for major renovations or repairs.
  • The satisfaction that comes with being a home's first - and maybe only - owner is hard to duplicate, especially because it'll require less legwork to get the property looking the way you want.
  • From solar panels to Energy Star windows, new homes generally help you save on electricity bills by being more energy-efficient.
  • Newer homes tend to come with more square footage, given current development trends among builders.


New-home cons:

  • Asking prices are usually higher, due to elevated demand and the cost of newly installed services.
  • Your commute into work may be longer, given the sparseness of space for development in densely populated cities.
  • Newer homes typically have modern architecture styles, rather than the colonial look that you may prefer.
  • The house may reside in a location that's under construction, with few or no neighbors to speak of.
  • New houses eventually "settle" into the ground they're built upon, potentially leading to cracks affecting the foundation.


Existing-home pros:

  • Older homes are rich with history and include many of the homey features that can't be replicated in more modern houses.
  • Neighborhoods tend to be more established and the architectural styles typically complement one another, which can enhance home values.
  • Asking prices are usually more affordable compared to newer houses.
  • Older homes tend to be more conveniently located to areas of interest.


Existing-home cons:

  • Features of the house may be dated or out of style, which could pose problems for home decor.
  • Installations could be dilapidated, requiring replacements or repairs to meet safety code specifications.
  • Generally speaking, older houses require more ongoing maintenance than newer units due to the nature of wear and tear.
  • Plumbing or electricity systems may need overhauling, depending on their age.
  • Closets, and storage areas in general, may be less spacious.


This list isn't entirely complete, but it should provide insight on some of the aspects to consider when deciding between a new or existing home. By knowing what you're looking for and factoring in what aspects you most highly value, you'll find the place that most closely fits your definition of perfection.


Understanding Mortgages

What military members need to know before buying a home

What military members need to know before buying a home

Buying a house while serving in the military could seem like a fruitless pursuit. After all, with active-duty service members frequently on the move due to the nature of their work, becoming a homeowner may not always make sense.

Contrary to popular belief, though, not only are millions of the nation's best and brightest homeowners military, but they also tend to reach the American dream sooner than those who aren't in the armed forces, according to industry statistics.

For example, the median age of an active-duty service person who owns a house is 34 years old, according to the National Association of Realtors. This compares to a median of 42 years of age for non-military Americans.

If you are currently serving or hold veteran status, here are a few of the key things you should know before entering the housing market — pointers that can help you decide if a home purchase sooner than later is in your family's best interest.

1. It's actually less expensive than you think

It's safe to say that the market is currently one that favors home sellers, given supply is limited and demand is quite high, as detailed in NAR's monthly home sales reports. But cost largely depends on where specifically you're buying and your financial circumstances.

As a military member, you may well pay less than those who aren't in the armed services. For example, you may be able to purchase a residence without any money down through mortgage programs offered by the Veteran's Administration through private lenders. 'No down payment' plans are available to both veterans and active duty, although some restrictions may apply, such as if you've just recently joined one of the five branches.

2. Be sure to factor in your frequency of travel

During some parts of the year, you may be on the road quite a bit, while hardly at all during other months. Then again, maybe you're entering a phase of your military career where your workday is the more typical 9 to 5.

Whichever it may be, consider your family's current needs and those that are upcoming. If you're traveling practically every week or it's not unusual for you to be reassigned to a new base unexpectedly, it may be best to sit tight and buy when your schedule is more predictable.

3. It's a great time for improved home values

You've heard it before, and it still rings true: Real estate is all about location, location, location. Where you live typically determines what you can expect to spend. But buying a house is also about timing, and there's no time like the present to take advantage of equity gains.

Through the first three months of 2018, approximately 14 million mortgaged properties were equity rich, according to estimates from ATTOM Data Solutions. That's the equivalent of one in four houses. In other words: You may be able to sell your home for much more than you bought it - if your new-home purchase won't be your last. and NAR's websites have other considerations to take under advisement when you're contemplating a home purchase. Knowing your goals and getting in touch with your family's needs can serve as the compass that points you in the right direction. A loan officer will be able to answer any questions you have about the VA Home Loan Mortgage Program, so bring your questions!

Learn more about the VA Home Loan Mortgage Program

Understanding Mortgages

Should you pay off your mortgage early

Should you pay off your mortgage early?

With employment levels rising and average incomes growing in various industries, more people are experiencing the perks of a vibrant economy. Home sales continue to impress, as noted by organizations like the National Association of Realtors, and other big-ticket purchases are up.

Given more money is in many Americans' pockets, some homeowners are likely considering whether it's worth their while to pay off their mortgages early. Conventional wisdom might suggest as much, thereby freeing up funds to go toward other uses. However, declaring earlier-than-anticipated mortgage freedom may not always be the best investment.

So, how do you decide if the move is right for you? These mortgage payoff tips can help you determine the right course:

Assess where you stand financially

Perhaps the best way to assess the situation comes from understanding your current financial obligations. Are you still making payments on a new automobile? Are you planning on making a major purchase? Do your regularly occurring expenses command a substantial share of your salary?

If the answer to these questions is "yes," then getting out from under your mortgage can pay off - quite literally, noted Chris Chen, a certified financial planner based in Massachusetts. One less expense also makes room for emergencies, which virtually never come at a convenient time.

"If you run into difficult financial circumstances, having a lesser debt burden reduces your break-even for life expenses," Chen told NerdWallet.

Consider your mortgage type

The type of mortgage you own also plays a role, financial experts advise. For instance, if you have a 15-year fixed-rate mortgage locked in when rates were low, the terms may be such that you're better off maintaining your current payment schedule and investing your other available funds. Alternatively, you may be in a position where it makes sense to refinance your mortgage to a lower rate, which can help you pay off your mortgage sooner than you would have otherwise.

Another aspect to examine - which isn't the same for everyone - is taxes. If you're someone who prefers to itemize your tax deductions in April when returns are due - rather than the standard variety that most people choose for the sake of simplicity - maintaining mortgage debt may make sense because it keeps you eligible for the mortgage interest deduction. This reduces your tax liability, with the current standard deduction averaging $24,000 for married people and $12,000 for individuals, according to the most recent figures from the IRS. You're, of course, no longer eligible once completing your mortgage payments.

Is retirement something you're considering? According to a recent poll done by Gallup, a slight majority of Americans - 51 percent - believe they'll have enough money to pay for it. Depending on how close you are to exiting the workforce - and whether you want to still be paying for your mortgage with less money coming in - should also be carefully considered in this decision.

No financial decision should be made alone. Talk to your financial advisor or mortgage professional to find out whether an ahead of schedule mortgage payoff makes sense.

Understanding Mortgages

The f-step guide to getting pre-qualifiedThe 5-step guide to getting pre-qualified

If you're in the market to buy a house or apply for a mortgage - something that many people are, given the current inventory situation nationwide - you've probably heard the term "pre-qualified."

Pre-qualification marks the beginning of your homeownership journey. It's a distinction that informs your lender that you are hoping to purchase a home and relays you would like to get an idea of what your options are in terms of financing.

Although obtaining pre-qualification distinction isn't required, it's a smart opportunity that's worthy of pursuit, as it gives you a better idea of the type of house you can afford to buy. This, in turn, can save you time from searching for properties that may be unrealistic from an affordability standpoint. In short, pre-qualification is a great way to improve your odds of being approved for a home loan when the time comes.

Obtaining pre-qualification serves as a golden opportunity for you to find the perfect house you're looking for while sticking to your budget. But to reach this status, you'll need to take care of a handful of tasks. Here are the five things you'll need to become pre-qualified by a certified lender:

1. Proof of identification

This should be the easiest item for you to obtain. From a driver's license to a passport, any official document with your name and picture attached should suffice. However, you'll also need your Social Security number, so make sure the lender has this as well.

2. Income track record

It's important for your lender to know how much money you make to determine your loan candidacy. If you don't have this info on hand, ask your human resources department for your most recent pay stubs. You'll likely need a month's worth (or for however many times you're paid in a 30-day span).

3. W-2 forms

These are the documents your employer sends you at the start of the new year so you can file your tax returns. Your mortgage provider will want to see the hard copies from the last two years. You may also need to show physical tax returns from years that correspond with the accompanying W-2s.

4. Other available assets

Do you have a savings account? Checking account? Investments in stock or bonds? Whatever assets you have, see to it that your lender has all of this information. This further substantiates your financial capabilities, which can help pay for transactions like closing costs and the down payment.

5. Credit score

Although obtaining a copy of your credit report isn't absolutely necessary to pre-qualification, it can really pay off, because your creditworthiness will help determine your interest rate. Generally speaking, the higher your FICO score - ideally 650 and above - the lower your interest rate.

Understand that you don't need to provide these pieces of information until you've received a loan estimate and given your intent to proceed. But if you're ready to take a dip into homeownership waters, pre-qualification can help you get your feet wet.

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